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Structure 1-S, subterranean kiva

No Tree-Ring Dates

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General Location Lower west side; base of talus slope near canyon bottom.
Specific Location West of Nonstructure 1-N and north of Nonstructure 4-N.
Interpretive Type Not assigned.
Structure Use Limited data; one floor pit feature; floor artifacts were scarce; roof fall artifacts (complete cores, complete peckingstones, a complete projectile point, a complete mano, a complete maul, and an incomplete polishingstone) may have once rested on the roof or were stored in the ceiling; if this was the case, these tools suggest a variety of domestic activities took place during the final use of this area.
Abandonment One complete bone tube left on kiva floor and some complete or almost complete items may have been left on or in the kiva roof; roof appears to have been dismantled because no timbers were encountered in the structure fill; the near absence of floor artifacts and roof timbers suggests a planned abandonment or that items were salvaged by others after structure was no longer in use; some refuse may have been discarded in the kiva after the roof was dismantled.
Postabandonment Structure filled with wall fall from roomblock to the north and natural deposits.
Excavation Details
Groups to Which This Study Unit was Assigned See The Archaeology of Woods Canyon Pueblo (specifically the chapters on architecture, chronology, and artifacts) for more information on study unit groupings at Woods Canyon Pueblo.

Type ID Description
Area of canyon bottom
Lower west side (canyon bottom)
Early Pueblo III (A.D. 1140-1225)
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