Paleoindian Houses

Paleoindian houses were simple, temporary structures called "brush shelters." This type of house made sense for people who led a nomadic lifestyle. Although Paleoindian houses were very simple, they were also strong enough to withstand harsh weather.

Paleoindian house.

Here are two drawings of a Paleoindian house. The small drawing in the circle shows what a Paleoindian house looked like from the outside. In the big drawing, part of the wall is removed so you can see inside the house.

Most Paleoindian houses were small, circular structures. They were made of poles that leaned in at the top, tipi-style.

The poles were covered with brush, and the brush was covered with mud or animal hides. Animal hides probably covered the doorway, too. Sometimes rocks were used to support the bottoms of the poles.

Fire hearths were used for cooking. They also provided heat and light.