ROCK PUEBLO: A TRIP THROUGH TIME
This lesson uses Saddlehorn Hamlet as a contemporary example of site destruction. Students will track the decreasing height of an ancient wall to understand the fragile nature of archaeological sites and the importance of site stewardship.
2. Locate the distinct stone which juts into the doorway from the left and is visible in all four photographs. (See the stone in the example, Figure 1, Saddlehorn 1990. This stone will be used as a reference point to measure changes in the wall below. Highlight this stone in each photo for your students if you think they will have trouble identifying it.
3. Demonstrate to the class how to draw a vertical line from the outer tip of the protruding rock to the bottom of the wall, bisecting the stones that are stacked in the wall below the ancient doorway. Instruct the students to draw this line in all four pictures.
4. Ask the students to count the number of rocks bisected by the line in each photograph and record this number. It may be a good idea to number the rocks to guarantee consistency in each photo.
What can people do when visiting a site to prevent the damage that happened to Saddlehorn Hamlet? What can a student do to help save the site? What can the class do?
2. Saddlehorn Hamlet is a hike of less than one mile from the road along a clear and moderately difficult trail. Students could monitor the condition of the site. The class can investigate volunteering at a site through the Bureau of Land Management.
3. Students may wish to develop protocols for visiting archaeological sites. They can research information about how to treat archaeological sites and conduct site stewardship. The Bureau of Land Management, the National Park Service, local archaeological societies, and other archaeological organizations are excellent resources. For other resources on archaeological preservation, go to Crow Canyon's Web site and visit the Colorado Heritage Education Resource Guide. Once the class has conducted research about site preservation, they can draft archaeological preservation guidelines, create posters for their school, and give presentations for other classes.
Visit the Learning Center at www.crowcanyon.org
Canyon Archaeological Center, 23390 Road K, Cortez, CO 81321. 970-565-8975